Learning styles describe the different preferences of learners for different types of learning and teaching, which are assessed and described by the learner himself.
To improve learning success and memory performance, certain techniques and strategies can be used that assign new information to existing material. Having said so, learn the different car parts at before buying one.
Cognitive learning strategies
With cognitive learning strategies, those aspects are meant that are related to the direct absorption of information, such as concrete work techniques that are used to memorize new information. This includes organizing, elaborating, critically examining the context of arguments, thinking about alternatives to what has just been learned, repeating by reading several times, or memorizing key terms.
This strategy is the most widely used and is used by children to memorize information. This is carried out by constantly repeating the information to be memorized, for example in the form of loud or internal announcements. In addition, repetition serves as a self-check whether all information has been retained and increases the duration of the retention of the information in the short-term memory so that it can be transferred to the long-term memory. It has been proven that frequent use of repetition strategies improves memory performance. Students use this strategy, for example, to memorize poems or dates in history class and should be guided by the teacher.
The term elaboration strategy is used to describe learning activities that are suitable for integrating the newly acquired knowledge into the existing knowledge structure. The elaboration strategies include, for example, the formation of analogies to existing knowledge structures, a link between the newly learned material and everyday examples, the creation of relationships between new knowledge and the content of related subjects, and the devising of specific examples for practical applications. A learner can remember acquired knowledge much better if he links the knowledge with a personal system of terms than if he were to learn everything by heart.
The keyword method
The keyword method is a very efficient technique in acquiring foreign language vocabulary. It works via the sound of a foreign-language vocabulary that is very similar to a word in the mother tongue.
The Loci Method
The method consists of associating certain memory contents in the form of ideas with different locations on a terrain that is very well known to the learner and can be systematically searched.